German shepherd: characteristics and description of the breed of dogs.
The German Shepherd is a breed whose history consists of many feats, victories, and cases of salvation and self-sacrifice. Dogs that are universal in their application can do any job, from the role of a pet to the most complex search and border service. German Shepherds are heroes of films and books, this breed is adored by children, it is unmistakably recognized by passers-by on the street.
Such popularity is well deserved.
Description and characteristics of the breed.
The German Shepherd is a predominantly black-backed dog, with bright pigments and a thick coat of medium length.
Height at the withers: 56-65 cm; Weight: 35-45 kg; Color: black, zone-gray, zone-red, black-backed.
ICF classification: 1 group, 1 section, standard No. 166.
History of the German Shepherd.
This is Germany’s national pride. The ancestors of the breed are Indian wolves, and most herding dogs bear a resemblance to their wild ancestor. In the Middle Ages, the shepherd dogs-Ryuden, who guarded the flocks and yards of shepherds, were small, brave and mobile animals.
The relatively late formation of the German Shepherd as an independent breed occurred due to the prevailing opinion about its futility. But many types of the Old German Shepherd Dog, which served as the basis for the creation of the breed, became a godsend for dog handlers. That is why all modern German Shepherds are descended from several producers of the early 20th century.
The founder and creator of the German Shepherd was Max von Stefanitz, an officer who graduated from the Berlin Veterinary School. The young officer was engaged in the purchase of horses for his unit and dreamed of breeding German shepherd dogs. At the end of the 19th century, in 1899, at an exhibition in the city of Karlsruhe, he acquired his first dog.
The dog was not exhibited in the ring, but participated in the exhibition as a shepherd dog. The owner especially noted the working qualities of his dog, fearlessness and energy, although the conformation of the dog was above average. Proportional, large (60 cm) and with a strong bone, Hector was the first breeder recorded in the breed book.
In just a few years, the sons of Hector, who was renamed Horanda, became the ancestors of the three main lines of the breed. Roland von Stankerburg of black color was the winner of 1906, and his son Hettel laid the foundation for the black-backed shepherd line.
German shepherds were brought to Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, but the civil war suspended the breeding of these dogs. The next batch was delivered in the 1920s, and domestic dog handlers began to actively work with the existing livestock. The German Shepherd was used in the army and the police, but a huge number of high-quality dogs died during the war.
Mine-detecting dog named Dzhulbars, who served in the 14th assault engineer-sapper brigade.
Today the breed is experiencing a real upswing; there are several dozen large nurseries with a decent livestock in the country. National breed clubs hold annual exhibitions with a mandatory test of the working qualities of dogs.